Sports are a series of activities that involve physical competition and usually require the participation of two or more teams. Typically, they are governed by rules and customs that ensure fair play.
Sport also involves emotions and a sense of belonging. The expression of these emotions is often regulated by subcultures within the sports community.
The socialization of young people into sports is a complex process that can have both positive and negative effects. Some studies show that participating in sports can inculcate desirable values such as self-discipline and teamwork, while others indicate that a socially destructive desire to win can develop among participants.
During the Renaissance, a number of humanists sought to teach students the virtues of good sportsmanship. They thought that physical activities should be enjoyed as a source of pleasure, rather than as an activity to be pursued for competitive purposes.
However, as the Industrial Revolution developed, technicians designed new sports equipment to match the demands of the market. Athletes trained systematically to achieve their maximum physical potential.
As a result, modern sports emphasize quantification, rather than aesthetics. Although there remains a strong emphasis on the aesthetic in certain forms of sport, such as figure skating and gymnastics, most modern games, including basketball, volleyball, and team handball, are based on quantification.
Globalization of sport is a complex process that is influenced by shifting power balances in different countries, regions, and cultures. Some sports, such as football, are popular in all regions; others, such as cricket, have been primarily adopted by colonized nations.