The word “sport” refers to any physical contest between two or more people. However, sports are defined in different ways by individual cultures.
Sports were first organized in the 17th century, when the Marylebone Cricket Club was founded. This was a revolution in the way physical activity was viewed. In the past, athletes trained systematically to reach their maximum physical potential.
Modern sports began in the late 17th century. Athletes and coaches were guided by a system of “feeling rules” that regulated their emotions as they performed.
Sports are also influenced by social and cultural norms. These include the use of performance measures and the establishment of special competitions. Many universities have established research centres for the study of sport.
Many individuals participate in sports throughout their lives. However, many others do not become athletes. They may instead find their primary identity in their career, family, or relationships. Others end up not being athletes due to age.
Sports have been a major part of the globalization process. Modern sports have been marketed as sources of pleasure and prestige. Their popularity has led to the creation of national sports organizations. Some countries have used regular recurring sports festivals to strengthen their identities.
Sports have been a part of the socialization of young people. This has affected their character, thoughts, and decision making. It has also helped shape traditions.
Modern sports are often rooted in unequal power relationships. They are bound in complex interdependent chains.